The Egyptian Scarab was one of the most well-known and sacred of all amulets in Ancient Egypt. It goes back as early as 2345 B.C.The amulet represented new creation, eternal life and gave immense protection against evil to the bearer.
Khepri – God of the Rising Sun – The Egyptian Scarab GodThe Egyptian Scarab Beetle was associated with the god of the Rising Sun called Khepri.
Meaning: It seemed to the ancient Egyptians that the young scarab beetles emerged spontaneously from the burrow were they were born. Therefore they were worshipped as "Khepera", which means "he was came forth." This creative aspect of the scarab was associated with the creator god Atum.
The ray-like antenna on the beetle's head and its practice of dung-rolling caused the beetle to also carry solar symbolism. The scarab-beetle god Khepera was believed to push the setting sun along the sky in the same manner as the bettle with his ball of dung. In many artifacts, the scarab is depicted pushing the sun along its course in the sky.
Khepri represents rejuvenation, divine wisdom and immortality.
He was one of the forms of Ra, the sun god. Khepri was the dawn, Ra was midday and Atum was the evening sun.
He was often shown as a beetle-headed man, a beetle-headed hawk or just simply the scarab beetle.
The name Khepri comes from the ancient Egyptian word kheper meaning “to become” or “to be transformed”. He is the creative power linked with the miracle of the first sunrise every morning. The Egyptians would refer to him as “The Shining One”.
In Egyptian mythology there is a story how the corpse of Khepri is divided and buried every night. Every morning his body is resurrected and he rises in triumph.
There is yet another story that says his mother Nut swallows him every evening and that he is reborn every morning.
In the Book of the Dead, Khepri is summoned to overcome the penetrating fear of disintegration. The deceased proclaims that this corpse will not decay because “I am Khepri. My body parts will continue to exist.”
Khepri gave the promise of a renewable life after death.
The Egyptian god Khepri, Ra as the rising sun, was often depicted as a scarab beetle or as a scarab beetle-headed man.
Scarabs were popular amulets and impression seals in Ancient Egypt. They survive in large numbers and, through their inscriptions and typology, they are an important source of information for archaeologists and historians of the ancient world.
Scarabs (beetles) were produced in vast numbers for many centuries and many thousands have survived. They were generally intended to be worn or carried by the living. They were typically carved or moulded in the form of a scarab beetle (usually identified as Scarabaeus sacer) with varying degrees of naturalism but usually at least indicating the head, wing case and legs but with a flat base.
The base was usually inscribed with designs and/or hieroglyphs to form an impression seal. Scarabs were usually drilled from end to end to allow them to be strung on a thread or incorporated into a swivel ring. The most common of sizes for scarabs is from 6mm to 4 cm (length) and most are probably between 1 cm and 2 cm long.
Larger scarabs were made from time to time for particular purposes (such as the commemorative scarabs of Amenhotep III). Heart scarabs (typically 5 cm to 9 cm long, made of dark hardstone and not pierced for suspension) were made for a specific funerary purpose and should be considered separately.
The significance of the scarab beetle
In ancient Egyptian religion, the sun god Ra is seen to roll across the sky each day, transforming bodies and souls. Beetles of the Scarabaeidae family (dung beetle) roll dung into a ball as food and as a brood chamber in which to lay eggs; this way, the larvae hatch and are immediately surrounded by food. For these reasons the scarab was seen as a symbol of this heavenly cycle and of the idea of rebirth or regeneration.
The Egyptian god Khepri, Ra as the rising sun, was often depicted as a scarab beetle or as a scarab beetle-headed man. The ancient Egyptians believed that Khepri renewed the sun every day before rolling it above the horizon, then carried it through the other world after sunset, only to renew it, again, the next day. A golden scarab of Nefertiti was discovered in the Uluburun wreck
Heart ScarabThe heart scarab amulet was the special amulet placed over the heart of the deceased. It was wrapped inside the bandages covering the mummy.
There are special instructions concerning the heart scarab in chapter 30 in The Book of the Dead. The heart scarab often had an inscription of a spell found in the same chapter of the Book of the dead.
This spell was used on judgment day and would prevent the heart speaking ill of the dead or confessing to sinful behavior.
O my heart of my mother! O my heart of my mother! O my heart of my different forms! Do not stand up as a witness against me, do not be opposed to me in the tribunal, do not be hostile to me in the presence of the Keeper of the Balance, for you are my ka which was in my body, the protector who made my members hale.
Go forth to the happy place whereto we speed, do not make my name stink to the Entourage who make men. Do not tell lies about me in the present of the god. It is indeed well that you should hear! Book of the Dead, spell 30B
Khepri did not have a temple of his own, though many temples had large scarab made of stone in the temple complex.
The Egyptian scarab statue in the Temple complex of Karnak seemed to have powers of its own.
It was told that if you told your wish to the scarab and then walked around it three times, your wish would come true.
Teachings of Abd’El Hakim Awyan the ancient knowledge keeper of Egypt:
With his uncle’s help, Hakim enrolled at Fouad University (now Cairo University) after World War II ended. Hakim graduated in 1952 with dual degrees in Egyptology and archaeology—later he did graduate work in archaeology at Leiden University in Holland in the 1960s.
Hakim was part of the first one hundred tour guides to be licensed by the new Egyptian Gov. after the 1952 revolution. H e passed on August 23, 2008
We don’t know the senses we have to make the impossible possible! The impossible – to us, which based on ignorance – make it possible, ‘cause knowing this very great power is to know!
"That switch from matriarchy to patriarchy, it’s the cause of what’s on the world now, of conflicts and disagreement and showing-off of power. Healthy people, they got all the power; unhealthy people haven’t got it and I want you and all my friends and all my beloveds to know that you have it – and when you know that, you’ll work on it to bring it to stronger. The senses, just like the muscles, you don’t use, they shrink and go”.
Although scarab amulets were sometimes placed in tombs as part of the deceased's personal effects or as jewelry, generally they have no particular association with ancient Egyptian funerary rites. There are, however, three types of specifically funerary scarabs, heart scarabs, pectoral scarabs and naturalistic scarabs.
The spell commands the deceased's heart (typically left in the mummy's chest cavity, unlike the other viscera) not to give evidence against the deceased, when the deceased is being judged by the gods of the underworld. It is often suggested that the heart is being commanded not to give false evidence but the opposite may be true.
From the Twenty-fifth Dynasty onwards large (typically 3 cm-8 cm long) relatively flat uninscribed pectoral scarabs were sewn, via holes formed at the edge of the scarab, onto the chests of mummies, together with a pair of separately made outstretched wings. These were mainly made from faience and glazed blue. The association of pectoral scarabs appears to be with the god Khepri, who is often depicted in the same form.
A third kind of funerary scarab is the naturalistic scarab. These were relatively small scarabs (typically 2 cm to 3 cm long) made from a wide variety of hardstones and faience and are distinguished from other scarabs by having naturalistic carved "3D" bases, which often also include an integral suspension loop running widthways. Groups of these funerary scarabs, often made from different materials, formed part of the battery of amulets which protected mummies in the Late Period
We are supposed to have 360 senses – 360! And only five are recognised.
( I took these pictures at the Cairo Museum in Egypt)And when you see the scarab, you are looking at the human skull, that by three sides, 3 sections. The front head (was) symbolised by the ancient people as ‘7’. Seven openers – 2 – 4 – 6 – 7 – that is the front (of the ) head and these are the receivers.
You see with, you hear with, taste wit,smell,
On the left side (of the body of the beetle) is the conscious side, and that is the daily deeds, digestive, every moment you look at things;
The right side, the subconsciousness side – something you are unable to explain what’s going on.
Don’t compare the people of today like the people of the ancient days.
The people of the ancient days were healthy, were able to use their senses. We are looking at things as a feeble people – we only have five senses. We are supposed to have 360 senses – 360! And only five are recognised. We got the glands and senses but we didn’t use it – and any muscles you don’t use – it shrink! Obviously”.
If I come today and say “I saw you in my dream”, you can ask “What did you see?” then I say the dream; and did I saw you? The word ‘see’ is not there, because I did see you in my dream but not with my eyes because I was asleep! So, how did that happen?
There must be a ‘sense’ (that) put all this vision to me, but without my eyes; but still when I speak, (there are)limits to my vocabularies to say “I saw you in my dream.” No, I didn’t see you, but there’s no other way to say (it)! Sensitivity. You can tell that bird on the tree is happy, or frightened from a cat – yes?
You can tell if that donkey is annoyed or happy by the vibration of sound – and that’s what we want to do – notice the sound; it’s not a word you say, but how you say it; you can tell if this vibration (is) the truth or not truth. It is natural, healthy; the people they use all the senses full capacity.
“(Our planet) it’s not anymore on the same spot: our planet is moving but you can’t see it – it’s not in the same position and it changes all the time; nothing stand still. You know our planet make a cycle every 24 hours, sunrise every 24 hours – right? Our planet also revolve in a different way – it make one round every 26,000 years.
Sound was used to diagnoze and heal patients.